The Turkish city of Mardin, located near the Syrian border, has seen many peoples come and go. It is an architectural tourist destination. Now it hopes for recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
A church tower rises through the stone made houses. Pigeons sit on the dome of a mosque. The walls are decorated with geometric motifs in many places and with others, which are modelled on plants, animals or water droplets. Arabic letters can be found on doors and ceramic signs.
Typical Architectural Styles
Located on the northern edge of the historic two-stream land, the old town of Mardin nestles in a thousand meters of height on a ridge, the last prominent foothills of the limestone mountains. The old houses are down from the fortress. Each one has a fountain and they are built in such a way that hardly a ray of sunlight can penetrate and you even have to turn on the light during the day. The stone used ensures coolness in summer and relative warmth in winter. Some houses have so-called baras, passages that allow abbreviations.
Mardin Was On The Historic Silk Road
The city, about thirty kilometres from the Syrian and two hundred kilometres from the Iraqi border, has seen many peoples and leaders come and go. Early testimonies range back seven thousand years. Mardin was on the historic Silk Road. Until 1408, the Ortokiden had the power over the city. During this period Koranic schools and Hamams, including the Grand Mosque Ulu Cami, were built.