The landmark of the ruins of Pergamon is the 10,000 seating theatre on a steep hill below the Acropolis. The seats of the theatre are still excellently preserved and are ideal for a short break. A covered staircase leads above the theatre, near the Athena Sanctuary, to the seat ranks.
‘Gymnasium’ stands on the southern side of the Acropolis, below the ruins of the Hera temple. It is the largest known in the ancient Greek world and was built like many other magnificent buildings during the reign of King Eumenes II. It is divided into three terraces and stands on a steep slope. Some archaeologists suspect that the terraces were a classification for the pupils ‘age groups.
Dionysos Temple, On The Lower Side Of The Theatre
The 2.200-year-old Dionysos temple stood right next to the old stage room of the theatre. In Pergamon, the temple took a special position as the Pergamene kings of the Attalids called Dionysos the supreme god of their family.
The Library Of Pargamon
The oldest temple is the Athena sanctuary built 2,400 years ago. The library of Pargamon, founded many years ago, was also on the Athena Sanctuary. It was the second largest collection of ancient writings after the Great Library in Alexandria for 100 years. The collection in Pergamon should have at least 200,000 book roles.
The view from the highest point of the Castle Mountain of Pergamon is surprising for some, as there is a reservoir directly behind it. The view reaches far into the country, in all directions. Heading north you will see the remains of a Roman aqueduct that brought water from 45m to Pergamon.
Parts of the city walls of Pergamon are perfectly preserved. These include, for example, towers and walls on the lower side of the Castle Hill which are still accessible.