Süleymaniye Mosque is located in Süleymaniye district, which is one of the symbols of the city which houses the most important works of the Ottoman period.This building, which is the most spectacular of the mosques in the city, has a beauty and glamor that fascinates visitors with its interior and exterior aesthetics.
The construction of the mosque, built by Mimar Sinan, one of the most important architectural deities of the world during the reign of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent, who was regarded as one of the greatest statesmen who kept the Empire “Ascension Period” and stamped its history, started in 1550 and lasted for seven years.The mosque, which Mimar Sinan described as “a work of journeymanship”, gains admiration for the visit.
The first thing that stands out when it entered the mosque is opened is the mihrabled and hand made carpet covering the places. The carpet, which had no other analogue, was placed here in 1950.The walls of the mihrab, which you can draw your attention immediately upon entering, are covered with stained glass decorated with Turkish motifs of the 16th century, the period of the construction of the mosque.
The mosque is located in the Süleymaniye Complex, which has a school, a library, a hamam, a soup kitchen, a caravanserai, a hospital and shops.Surrounded by porches and fountain located in the middle of the inner courtyard, but also constitutes the main entrance to the mosque.The mosque, which is designed as four minarets 53 meters high and covered with a large dome 26.50 meters in diameter. Four large columns which is called elephant feet carries the dome inside.
Süleymaniye Mosque is one of the most important works and examples of Ottoman period architecture.Despite having over a hundred earthquakes in Istanbul for centuries, there is not a single crack on the Suleymaniye Mosque.The dome is 53 meters high and 27.5 meters wide.This large dome was reinforced with half a dome just as it was in Hagia Sophia.
There are minarets at the four corners of the courtyard of the mosque.The dimensions of minarets are different from each other. The two minarets in the northern part of the courtyard are honored and 56 m. These two minarets are located at the corner of the entrance gate wall of the last congregation. The other two minarets were built adjacent to the mosque.The three are honorable and have a height of 76 meters. 32 windows were opened in the main dome of the mosque to provide the best illumination according to the calculations of Mimar Sinan.
On the part of Mimar Sinan, which is thought of due to his architectural talent and intelligence, he calculates the air current to collect the heat from the oil lamps in the mosque and collects it on the main entrance door of the mosque. These works were used to make ink for the Tezininate Processes surrounding the Mosque.
Around the courtyard of the mosque is a total of 28 porticoes. There is a fountain of the mosque in the middle of this courtyard which is built on a rectangular scheme. There is a hazir which is in the Sultan of Sultan Süleyman and his wife Hürrem.
In the backyard of the mosque, there are tomb of Hurrem Sultan and Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent who so loved to say his wife “I will put my wealth under your feet for a single piece of hair”.At one end of the complex, there is a small and very modest tomb of the architect Sinan. The bronze cage partition on the right hand side of the work is the most beautiful of Turkish mining.All the plaques decorating the mosque were drawn and written by famous calligrapher Hasan Çelebi.The china made of white colored letters on blue background, which is considered as one of the most beautiful works of Hasan Çelebi, is worthy of praise.
Mimar Sinan has built underground roads and built arches in order to keep nice and nice air continuously in the mosque.It is aimed that the air of the glass is always clean, at the same time it is cool in summer and warm in winter, with the airflow coming from below by putting wooden doors on these roads located in the middle part of the glass floor.
The mosque, whose sightings are fascinating,We remind you that you can also watch from Galata Tower and Golden Horn with all its majesty. If you have not seen this magnificent mosque which is the architect Sinan’s work, we recommend you visit as soon as possible.
The mosque, which Mimar Sinan referred to as the journeymanship of the monumental period, Suleymaniye Mosque.
The master architect created an incredible acoustics inside the mosque thanks to the 65 cubes surrounding the dome and made it possible to pray within the mosque without even technological devices like microphones.
Mimar Sinan designed a fog room for this mosque for the first time so that the candles and lamps used to illuminate the mosque would not damage the mosque, and all the fog in the mosque was collected in this room.These collected fog were used as ink for many ferman and letter receipt.The ink is so specific that it was not possible to erase the paper complex without destroying it.
There are two windows in the room is opened to the outside.When you look at these windows, you can see two plate. One plate is written ‘Allah’. Other plate is written ‘Mohammed’.
Mimar Sinan placed camel bird eggs in the middle of the hunts as a precaution against insects, scorpions and insects.
Many names like Suleiman the Magnificent, Mimar Sinan and Hürrem Sultan’s tomb is located within the mosque complex.
Where and how to go to Süleymaniye Mosque
Süleymaniye Mosque is located in the Süleymaniye Neighborhood, which is in its own name, in Istanbul and within the Fatih district.
One of the easiest ways to get around is to take the Kabatas-Bağcılar Tram Line to Laleli University Station and take a short walk from here.
Those who come with personal vehicle are coming towards Eminönü from Galata Bridge; if you exit right from the bridge and take a slope to the left from the lights in front of Istanbul Commerce University, the signs of Suleymaniye Mosque will come to meet you.
If they want to come by bus, they can use the 48T Hamidiye Neighborhood – Taksim Line, which passes directly from Süleymaniye Mosque Stop.
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