Being one of the symbols of the city and housing the most important works of the Ottoman period, Suleymaniye Mosque is located in Suleymaniye district. This building, which is the most spectacular of the mosques in the city, has a beauty and glamor that fascinates visitors with its interior and exterior aesthetics.
The construction of the mosque built by Mimar Sinan, one of the most important architectural deities of the world, began in 1550 and lasted for seven years. It was built during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, who was regarded as one of the greatest statesmen who kept the Empire “Ascension Period” and took a place in history. The mosque, which Mimar Sinan described as “a work of art”, earns the admiration of the visitors.
The first thing that strikes the eye when go inside the mosque is the handmade carpet covering the places. The unique carpet was placed here in the 1950s. The walls of the mihrab which can immediately draw your attention upon entering are covered with stained glass decorated with Turkish motifs of the 16th century.
The mosque is located in the Suleymaniye Complex, which has a school, a library, Turkish Baths, a soup kitchen, a caravanserai, a hospital and shops. Surrounded by porticos and a fountain, the inner courtyard forms the main entrance of the mosque. Designed as four minarets, the mosque is covered with a large dome 53 meters in height and 26.50 meters in width. The dome contains four large columns inside called “elephant feet”.
The Architectural Features of Suleymaniye Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque is one of the most important works and examples of the Ottoman period architecture. Despite the fact that there have been hundreds of earthquakes in Istanbul for centuries, amazingly there is not even a single crack on the Suleymaniye Mosque. The main dome is 53 meters in height has a diameter of 27.5 meters. This large dome was reinforced
with a half-dome as it was in Hagia Sophia.
There are minarets at the four corners of the
courtyard of the mosque. The dimensions of minarets are different from each other. The two minarets in the northern part of the courtyard have two galleries (serifes) and they are 56 meters high. These two minarets are located at the corner of the entrance gate. The other two minarets were built as a side window. Both of them have three galleries (serifes) and also have a height of 76 meters. 32 windows have been opened in the main dome of the glass to provide the best illumination according to the calculations of prominent architect Mimar Sinan.
In another part which is thought of due to architectural talent and intelligence of Mimar Sinan, he calculated the air flow to collect the heat from the oil lamps in the mosque and collected it in the room on the main entrance door of the mosque. These works were used in making ink for the decoration Processes of the mosque.
There are a total of 28 porticoes around the courtyard of the mosque. It is built on a rectangular scheme and in the middle of this courtyard, there is a fountain. The tombs of Suleiman the Magnificent and his wife Hurrem Sultan are present here.
In the back courtyard of the mosque, there is a kind of mausoleums of wife Hurrem Sultan, whom Suleyman the Magnificent loved so much. On the other side of the complex is the small and very modest grave of Mimar Sinan.
The bronze cage partition on the right-hand side of the work is one of the finest examples of Turkish mine workmanship. All the plaques adorning the mosque were drawn and written by famous calligrapher Hasan Celebi. The tiles made of white letters on the blue background, which is considered as one of the most beautiful works of Hasan Celebi, is worth praising.
Mimar Sinan built underground roads and arches in order to keep nice air continuously in the mosque. It is aimed that the air of the glass is always clean at the same time interestingly it is cool in summer and warm in winter, with the airflow coming from below by putting wooden doors on these roads located in the middle part of the floor of the mosque.
We would like to mention that you can watch Galata Tower and Golden Horn with all their majesty.
If you have not seen this magnificent mosque which is the work of famous architect Mimar Sinan yet, we recommend you visit as soon as possible.
The Mosque Known as the master builder work of Mimar Sinan; Suleymaniye Mosque.
The master architect created an incredible acoustics within the mosque thanks to the 65 cubes around the dome, which enabled people to perform prayer without even technological devices such as microphones in the mosque.
Architect Sinan designed a soot room for this mosque and he could collect all the soot produced by oil lamps and candles used to illuminate the mosque. This collected soot was used as ink to write edicts and letters. The ink was so special that it was not possible to erase it completely without destroying the paper.
There are two windows opening out of the soot room. When you look at these windows, you can see plates on which Allah and Muhammad are written.
Mimar Sinan placed camel bird eggs in the middle of the hunts as a precaution against all the kinds of insects.
How to go to Suleymaniye Mosque
Suleymaniye Mosque is located in the Suleymaniye Quarter, in the province of Istanbul and in the district of Fatih.
One of the easiest ways to get is to take the Kabatas-Bagcılar Tram Line to Laleli-University Stop then a short walk from to the mosque.
If you are traveling by your car, you need to drive to Eminonu from Galata Bridge then you turn right from the bridge and turn left from the lights in front of Istanbul Commerce University. You will see the signs of Suleymaniye Mosque.
If they want to take the bus, they can use the 48T Hamidiye Neighborhood – Taksim Line directly from Suleymaniye Mosque station.